(Latino) – Each year, the U.S. government recognizes the contributions and culture of 55.6 million of Hispanics or Latinos in the United States throughout a month-long celebration known as Hispanic Heritage Month, from September 15 to October 15.
These are 10 facts, as of September 10, 2016:
- People who trace their roots to Spain, Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean are of Hispanic descent. However, some people prefer to be called “Latino”.
- Whether people like to be called Hispanic, Latino, Chicano, Mexican American, Cuban, Puerto-Rican and other, they are also united by the Spanish language, even if they don’t speak Spanish perfectly –but their parents usually do.
- Hispanics constitute 17.6% of the US population or 55.6 million. By 2060, it is projected that Hispanics will constitute 28.6 % of the US population, or 119 million people.
- The majority of Hispanics in the United States are of Mexican origin (63.9%), followed by Puerto Ricans (9%), Salvadorans (3.8%), Cubans (3.7%), Dominicans (3.2%), and Guatemalans (2.4%).
- 15.2 million Hispanics live in California, the majority of Hispanics in any state. Other states with high Hispanic/Latino population –more than 1 million people are Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York and Texas (listed by alphabetical order.)
- 39.3 million is the he number of U.S. residents age 5 and older who spoke Spanish at home in 2014. This is a 126.3 percent increase since 1990 when it was 17.3 million. Those who hablan español en casa constituted 13.1 percent of U.S. residents age 5 and older. More than half (58 percent of all Spanish speakers and 57 percent of Hispanic Spanish speakers) spoke English “very well.”
- The median income for Hispanic families sums up to $42,491, poverty rate is 23.6% and lack of health insurance represents 19.9%.
- Education: 65.3% of Hispanics age 25 and older had at least a high school education in 2014.
- Higher Education: 4.4 million of Hispanics age 25 and older had at least a bachelor’s degree, and 1.4 million had master’s, doctorate or related degrees in 2014.
- Voting: 8.4% of voters in the 2012 presidential election were Hispanic.
Content by Lupita Peimbert.
Source: U.S. Census (data from surveys 2010 to 2014.)